The Role of the Artist
Gilbert also discusses, "What is Art?" In our lecture we discussed, "What is art to you?" and there were so many answers. Is it art if there has been a lot of effort expended to create it? Are photographs, nature, or artifacts art? How about architecture, computer animation, or creating a new breed of animal? Art is subjective and an individual's emotional response depends on their life experiences. The impulse to create has always been because humans have always had the need to interact with their environment for survival by making tools for hunting, protection, farming, etc. We also needed to communicate with each other and to connect for the survival of our species. There are so many different ways to connect depending on what needs to be communicated, such as collaborative, organized systems for transportation or the need for clarity in advertising.
In this communication, artists can create non-representational art, which is not based on the real world, or representational art, which stands for the real thing. In representational art there are four different styles of communication:
- Naturalistic - as in nature
- Realistic - true to life
- Stylized - simplified to emphasis important details
- Abstract - highly stylized and may not be recognizable